The 7 Principles
The Seven Principles of "Leave No Trace" provide an easily understood framework of minimum impact practices for anyone visiting the outdoors. Although Leave No Trace has its roots in backcountry settings, the Principles have been adapted so that they can be applied anywhere — from remote wilderness areas, to local parks and even in your own backyard.
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Historic Places in Alabama
Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument, Alabama520 16th Street North
Birmingham, AL 35203
Phone: (404) 277-5218
Description: In 1963, images of snarling police dogs unleashed against non-violent protesters and of children being sprayed with high-pressure hoses appeared in print and television news across the world.
Freedom Riders National Monument, AlabamaMailing Address:
Superintendent, Freedom Riders NM, 100 Alabama St SW
Anniston, AL 65738
Phone: (404) 277-5218
Description: In 1961, a small interracial band of “Freedom Riders” challenged discriminatory laws requiring separation of the races in interstate travel. They were attacked by white segregationists, who firebombed the bus. Images of the attack appeared in hundreds of newspapers, shocking the American public and spurring the Federal Government to issue regulations banning segregation in interstate travel.
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park, Alabama11288 Horseshoe Bend Road
Daviston, AL 36256
Phone: (256) 234-7111
Description: Over 800 Upper Creeks died defending their homeland. This was the largest loss of life for Native Americans in a single battle in the history of United States. On August 9, 1814, the Creeks signed the Treaty of Fort Jackson, which ceded 23 million acres of land in Alabama and Georgia to the United States government.
Muscle Shoals National Heritage Area, AlabamaUNA Box 5231
Florence, AL 35632
Phone: (256) 765-5028
Description: The Tennessee River brought the early Native Americans and then the European settlers. For years, it frustrated those who tried to cross it or tame it. Men fought from its banks and others found power from its waters. It created a culture. It shaped a region. The region’s sites, buildings, and relics whisper tales of some of the nation’s biggest moments and how the river played a role in each.
Russell Cave National Monument, Alabama3729 County Road 98
Bridgeport, AL 35740
Phone: (256) 495-2672
Description: Russell Cave is an archaeological site with one of the most complete records of prehistoric cultures in the Southeast. Thousands of years ago a portion of Russell Cave's entrance collapsed, creating a shelter that, for more than 10,000 years, was home to prehistoric peoples. Today it provides clues to the daily lifeways of early North American inhabitants dating from 10,000 B.C. to 1650 A.D.
Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site, Alabama1616 Chappie James Ave.
Tuskegee, AL 36083
Phone: (334) 724-0922
Description: Before the first African American military pilots became known as the "Red Tails" they wore striped tails as they began their flight training in the Army's PT-17 Stearman bi-plane. Their flying adventure started at Moton Field, in Tuskegee, Alabama, where the Army Air Corps began a military "experiment" to see if Negroes could be trained to fly combat aircraft.
Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site, Alabama1212 West Montgomery Rd
Tuskegee Institute, AL 36088
Phone: (334) 727-3200
Description: In 1881, Booker T. Washington arrived in Alabama and started building Tuskegee Institute both in reputation and literally brick by brick. He recruited the best and the brightest to come and teach here including George Washington Carver who arrived in 1896. Carver’s innovations in agriculture, especially with peanuts, expanded Tuskegee’s standing throughout the country.
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