National Park Service

National Park Service

US Department of the Interior


International Historic Site

Saint Croix Island International Historic Site, Maine

84 Saint Croix Drive
Calais, ME 04619
Phone: (207) 454-3871
Description: The Beginning of a Permanent European Presence in Northern North America. The winter of 1604-1605 on Saint Croix Island was a cruel one for Pierre Dugua's French expedition. Iced in by freezing temperatures and cut off from fresh water and game, 35 of 79 men died. As spring arrived and native people traded game for bread, the health of those remaining improved. Although the expedition moved on by summer, the beginning of French presence in North America had begun.
Saint Croix Island, long known to locals as Dochet Island, is a small uninhabited island in Maine near the mouth of the Saint Croix River that forms part of the Canada–United States border separating Maine from New Brunswick.
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St. Croix Island International Historic Site
Photo from Wikipedia

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