National Park Service

National Park Service

The 7 Principles
The Seven Principles of "Leave No Trace" provide an easily understood framework of minimum impact practices for anyone visiting the outdoors. Although Leave No Trace has its roots in backcountry settings, the Principles have been adapted so that they can be applied anywhere — from remote wilderness areas, to local parks and even in your own backyard.


National Battlefields (11)

Antietam National Battlefield, Maryland

P.O. Box 158
Sharpsburg, MD 21782
Phone: (301) 432-5124
Description: In the Battle of Antietam, General Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the North ended on this battlefield in 1862. The area, situated on fields among the Appalachian foothills near the Potomac River, features the battlefield site and visitor center, a national military cemetery, stone arch Burnside's Bridge and a field hospital museum.

Big Hole National Battlefield, Montana

16425 Hwy 43 West
Wisdom, MT 59761
Phone: (406) 689-3155
Description: On August 9, 1877 gun shots shattered a chilly dawn on a sleeping camp of Nez Perce. By the time the smoke cleared on August 10, almost 90 Nez Perce were dead along with 31 soldiers and volunteers. Big Hole National Battlefield was created to honor all who were there.
Website / Directions

Cowpens National Battlefield, South Carolina

338 New Pleasant Road
Gaffney, SC 29341
Phone: Cowpens National Battlefield or Cowpens National Battlefield Park is a unit of the National Park Service just east of Chesnee, South Carolina, and near the state line with North Carolina. It preserves a major battlefield of the American Revolutionary War.
Description: (864) 461-2828

Fort Donelson National Battlefield, Kentucky and Tennessee

174 National Cemetery Drive
Dover, TN 37058
Phone: (931) 232-5706
Description: Fort Donelson National Battlefield preserves Fort Donelson and Fort Heiman, two sites of the American Civil War Forts Henry and Donelson Campaign, in which Union Army Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant and Flag Officer Andrew Hull Foote captured three Confederate forts and opened two rivers, the Tennessee River and the Cumberland River, to control by the Union Navy.

Fort Necessity National Battlefield, Pennsylvania

1 Washington Parkway
PA 15437
Phone: (724) 329-5512
Description: Fort Necessity National Battlefield is a National Battlefield Site in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, United States, which preserves the site of the Battle of Fort Necessity. The battle, which took place on July 3, 1754, was an early battle of the French and Indian War, and resulted in the surrender of British colonial forces under Colonel George Washington, to the French and Indians, under Louis Coulon de Villiers.

Monocacy National Battlefield, Maryland

4632 Araby Church Road
Frederick, MD 21704
Phone: (301) 662-3515
Description: Monocacy National Battlefield is a unit of the National Park Service, the site of the Battle of Monocacy in the American Civil War fought on July 9, 1864. The battlefield straddles the Monocacy River southeast of the city of Frederick, Maryland.

Moores Creek National Battlefield, North Carolina

40 Patriots Hall Dr.
Currie, NC 28435
Phone: (910) 283-5591
Description: The park commemorates the 1776 victory by a thousand Patriots over about eight hundred Loyalists at the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge. The battle dashed the hopes of Royal Governor Josiah Martin of the Province of North Carolina for regaining control of the colony for the British crown.

Petersburg National Battlefield, Virginia

1539 Hickory Hill Road
Petersburg, VA 23803
Phone: (804) 732-3531
Description: Petersburg National Battlefield is a National Park Service unit preserving sites related to the American Civil War Siege of Petersburg (1864–65). The Battlefield is centered on the city of Petersburg, Virginia, and also includes outlying components in Hopewell, Prince George County, and Dinwiddie County.

Stones River National Battlefield, Tennessee

3501 Old Nashville Highway
Murfreesboro, TN 37129
Phone: 615) 893-9501
Description: Stones River National Battlefield, a 570-acre park along the Stones River in Rutherford County, Tennessee, three miles northwest of Murfreesboro and twenty-eight miles southeast of Nashville, memorializes the Battle of Stones River.

Tupelo National Battlefield, Mississippi

2680 Natchez Trace Parkway
Tupelo, MS 38804
Phone: (800) 305-7417
Description: In July, 1864, Union forces, including men from the United States Colored Troops, marched into Tupelo, Mississippi. Disorganized Confederate soldiers fought fiercely but could not overpower the federal troops. Neither side could claim a clear victory, but Union troops had succeeded in their main goal: keeping the Confederates away from Union railroads in Tennessee.

Wilson's Creek National Battlefield, Missouri

6424 W. Farm Road 182
Republic, MO 65738
Phone: (417) 732-2662
Description: Wilson's Creek National Battlefield at 6424 West Farm Road 182 near Republic, Missouri, preserves the site of the Battle of Wilson's Creek. Fought on August 10, 1861, it was the first major American Civil War engagement west of the Mississippi River.

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