National Park Service
The 7 Principles
The Seven Principles of "Leave No Trace" provide an easily understood framework of minimum impact practices for anyone visiting the outdoors. Although Leave No Trace has its roots in backcountry settings, the Principles have been adapted so that they can be applied anywhere — from remote wilderness areas, to local parks and even in your own backyard.
Read more at lnt.org
National Historic Sites (77)
Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site, Pennsylvania110 Federal Park Road
Gallitzin, PA 16641
Phone: (814) 886-6150
Description: The first railroad to circumvent the Allegheny Mountains, the Allegheny Portage Railroad was the finishing piece of the Pennsylvania Mainline Canal. "The Portage," opened in 1834, marking the first time that there was one, direct route between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. All things to all people, it served merchants, passengers, slaves in pursuit of freedom, and soldiers from the Mexican War.
Andersonville National Historic Site, GeorgiaAndersonville National Cemetery
National Prisoner of War Museum
496 Cemetery Road
Andersonville, GA 31711
Phone: (229) 924-0343
Description: The Camp Sumter military prison at Andersonville was one of the largest Confederate military prisons during the Civil War. During the 14 months the prison existed, more than 45,000 Union soldiers were confined here. Of these, almost 13,000 died here. Today, Andersonville National Historic Site is a memorial to all American prisoners of war throughout the nation's history.
Andrew Johnson National Historic Site, Tennessee121 Monument Ave.
Greeneville, TN 37743
Phone: (423) 638-3551
Description: The Andrew Johnson National Historic Site and National Cemetery interprets the life and legacy of the 17th President. Andrew Johnson's presidency, 1865-1869, illustrates the United States Constitution at work following President Lincoln's assassination and during attempts to reunify a nation torn by civil war.
Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site, Colorado35110 State Highway 194 E.
La Junta, CO 81050
Phone: (719) 383-5010
Description: Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site features a reconstructed 1840s adobe fur trading post on the mountain branch of the Santa Fe Trail where traders, trappers, travelers, and the Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes came together in peaceful terms for trade.
Boston African American National Historic Site, Massachusetts15 State Street
Boston, MA 02109
Phone: (617) 742-5415
Description: Join us for a walk along the Black Heritage Trail® which explores the history of the African American community in 19th century Boston. Learn about the Underground Railroad, the abolition movement, and the early struggles for civil rights.
Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site, Kansas1515 SE Monroe Street
Topeka, KS 66612
Phone: (785) 354-4273
Description: The story of Brown v. Board of Education, which ended legal segregation in public schools, is one of hope and courage. When the people agreed to be plaintiffs in the case, they never knew they would change history. The people who make up this story were ordinary people. They were teachers, secretaries, welders, ministers and students who simply wanted to be treated equally.
Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site, North Carolina81 Carl Sandburg Lane
Flat Rock, NC 28731
Phone: (828) 693-4178
Description: Carl Sandburg provided a popular voice for the American people of the twentieth century and still speaks to us through his words, activism, music and the beauty and serenity of Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site.
Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site, District of ColumbiaNational Capital Parks-East
1900 Anacostia Drive SE
Washington, DC 20020
Description: Dr. Carter G. Woodson: The Father of African American History
Charles Pinckney National Historic Site, South Carolina1214 Middle Street
Sullivan's Island, SC 29482
Phone: (843) 881-5516
Description: Charles Pinckney was a principal author and a signer of the United States Constitution. This remnant of his coastal plantation is preserved to tell the story of a "founding father," his life of public service, the lives of enslaved African Americans on South Carolina Lowcountry plantations and their influences on Charles Pinckney.
Christiansted National Historic Site, Virgin Islands2100 Church St. #100
Christiansted, VI 00820
Phone: (340) 773.1460
Description: No place in the Caribbean still demonstrates the architectural, economic, and political influence of Europe like Christiansted National Historic Site. Come wander through 18th century buildings in one the Caribbean's few urban parks. It is a unique experience that you will never forget.
Clara Barton National Historic Site, Maryland700 George Washington Memorial Parkway Headquarters
McLean, VA 22101
Phone: (301) 320-1400
Description: Clara Barton dedicated her life and energies to help others in times of need - both home and abroad, in peacetime as well as during military emergencies. Glen Echo was her home the last 15 years of her life and the structure illustrates her dedication and concern for those less fortunate than herself.
Website / Directions
Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site, Pennsylvaniac/o Independence National Historical Park
143 S. 3rd Street
Philadelphia, PA 19106
Phone: (215) 965-2305
Description: Described as horrifying, mystifying, and brilliant, Poe’s writing has engaged readers all over the globe. The six years Edgar Allan Poe lived in Philadelphia were his happiest and most productive. Yet Poe also struggled with bad luck, personal demons and his wife’s illness. In Poe’s humble home, reflect on the human spirit surmounting crushing obstacles, and celebrate Poe’s astonishing creativity.
Eisenhower National Historic Site, Pennsylvania1195 Baltimore Pike
Gettysburg, PA 17325
Phone: (717) 338-9114
Description: Eisenhower National Historic Site is the home and farm of General and President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Located adjacent to the Gettysburg Battlefield, the farm served the President as a weekend retreat and a meeting place for world leaders. With its peaceful setting and view of South Mountain, it was a much needed respite from Washington and a backdrop for efforts to reduce Cold War tensions.
Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site, New York4097 Albany Post Road
Hyde Park, NY 12538
Phone: (845) 229-9422
Description: This simple statement expresses her love for the modest house she called Val-Kill. The only National Historic Site dedicated to a first lady, Val-Kill welcomes visitors in the style of Mrs. Roosevelt. Come and be part of the entire Roosevelt Experience at Val-Kill.
Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site, CaliforniaEugene O'Neill NHS
P.O. Box 280
Danville, CA 94526
Phone: (925) 838-0249
Description: America's only Nobel Prize winning playwright, Eugene O'Neill, chose to live in Northern California at the height of his writing career. Isolated from the world and within the walls of his home, O'Neill wrote his final and most memorable plays; The Iceman Cometh, Long Day's Journey Into Night, and A Moon for the Misbegotten.
First Ladies National Historic Site, Ohio205 Market Avenue South
Canton, OH 44702
Phone: (330) 452-0876
Description: Two properties, the home of First Lady Ida Saxton McKinley and the seven story 1895 City Bank Building, are preserved at this site, which honors the lives and accomplishment of our nation's First Ladies. The site is managed by the National Park Service and operated by the National First Ladies Library.
Ford's Theatre National Historic Site, District of Columbia900 Ohio Drive SW
Washington, DC 20024
Description: Explore Ford's Theatre NHS, discover Abraham Lincoln's life in Washington, D.C., the struggle for a united country, and the motivation behind Lincoln's assassination. The National Park Service and the Ford's Theatre Society present a variety of programs year round.
Fort Bowie National Historic Site, ArizonaWestern National Parks Association
Bowie, AZ 85605
Description: Fort Bowie witnessed almost 25 years of conflict between the Chiricahua Apache and the US Army, and remains a tangible connection to the turbulent era of the late 1800s. Explore the history of Fort Bowie and Apache Pass as you hike the 1.5 mile trail to the visitor center and old fort ruins.
Fort Davis National Historic Site, Texas101 Lt. Flipper Dr. #1379
Fort Davis, TX 79734
Phone: (432) 426-3224
Description: Fort Davis is one of the best surviving examples of an Indian Wars' frontier military post in the Southwest. From 1854 to 1891, Fort Davis was strategically located to protect emigrants, mail coaches, and freight wagons on the Trans-Pecos portion of the San Antonio-El Paso Road and on the Chihuahua Trail.
Fort Laramie National Historic Site, Wyoming965 Gray Rocks Road
Fort Laramie, wy 82212
Phone: (307) 837-2221
Description: Originally established as a private fur trading fort in 1834, Fort Laramie evolved into the largest and best known military post on the Northern Plains before its abandonment in 1890. This “grand old post” witnessed the entire sweeping saga of America’s western expansion and Indian resistance to encroachment on their territories.
Fort Larned National Historic Site, Kansas1767 KS Hwy 156
Larned, KS 67550
Phone: (620) 285-6911
Description: Discover a complete and authentic army post from the 1860s -1870s! This well-preserved fort on the Santa Fe Trail shares a tumultuous history of the Indian Wars era. The sandstone constructed buildings sheltered troops who were known as the Guardians of the Santa Fe Trail.
Fort Point National Historic Site, CaliforniaFort Point National Historic Site
Building 201, Fort Mason
San Francisco, CA 94123
Phone: (415) 504-2334
Description: From its vantage point overlooking the spectacular Golden Gate, Fort Point defended the San Francisco Bay following California's Gold Rush through World War II. Its beautifully arched casemates display the art of 3rd system brick masonry and interacts gracefully with the Golden Gate Bridge.
Fort Raleigh National Historic Site, North CarolinaFort Raleigh National Historic Site
1401 National Park Drive
Manteo, NC 27954
Phone: (252) 473-2111
Description: England's First Home in the New World. Fort Raleigh National Historic Site protects and preserves known portions of England's first New World settlements from 1584 to 1590.
Fort Scott National Historic Site, KansasThe entrance to the site is one block west of the intersection of Highway 69 and Highway 54 east.
Fort Scott, KS 66701
Phone: (620) 223-0310
Description: Promises made and broken! A town attacked at dawn! Thousands made homeless by war! Soldiers fighting settlers! Each of these stories is a link in the chain of events that encircled Fort Scott from 1842-1873.
Fort Smith National Historic Site, Arkansas and Oklahoma301 Parker Ave
Fort Smith, AR 72901
Phone: (479) 783-3961
Description: From the establishment of the first Fort Smith on December 25, 1817, to the final days of Judge Isaac C. Parker's jurisdiction over Indian Territory in 1896, Fort Smith National Historic Site preserves almost 80 years of history.
Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site, Montana and North Dakota15550 Highway 1804
Williston, ND 58801
Phone: (701) 572-9083
Description: Between 1828 and 1867, Fort Union was the most important fur trade post on the Upper Missouri River. Here, the Assiniboine and six other Northern Plains Indian Tribes exchanged buffalo robes and smaller furs for goods from around the world, including cloth, guns, blankets, and beads.
Fort Vancouver National Historic Site, Washington612 E Reserve St
Vancouver , WA 98661
Phone: (360) 816-6230
Description: Located on the north bank of the Columbia River, in sight of snowy mountain peaks and a vibrant urban landscape, this park has a rich cultural past. From a frontier fur trading post, to a powerful military legacy, the magic of flight, and the origin of the American Pacific Northwest, history is shared at four unique sites. Discover stories of transition, settlement, conflict, and community.
Frederick Douglass National Historic Site, District of Columbia1411 W Street SE
Washington, DC 20020
Phone: (202) 426-5961
Description: Frederick Douglass spent his life fighting for justice and equality. Born into slavery in 1818, he escaped as a young man and became a leading voice in the abolitionist movement.
Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Massachusetts99 Warren Street
Brookline, MA 02445
Phone: (617) 566-1689
Description: Frederick Law Olmsted (1822-1903) is recognized as the founder of American landscape architecture and the nation's foremost parkmaker. Olmsted moved his home to suburban Boston in 1883 and established the world's first full-scale professional office for the practice of landscape design.
Friendship Hill National Historic Site, Pennsylvaniac/o Fort Necessity NB
1 Washington Parkway
Farmington, PA 15437
Phone: (724) 329-2501
Description: Albert Gallatin is best remembered for his thirteen year tenure as Secretary of the Treasury during the Jefferson and Madison administrations. In that time he reduced the national debt, purchased the Louisiana Territory and funded the Lewis & Clark exploration. Gallatin's accomplishments and contributions are highlighted at Friendship Hill, his restored country estate.
Golden Spike National Historic Site, UtahGolden Spike National Historic Site is 32 miles west of Brigham City, Utah, via Utah Hwy. 83
Brigham City, UT 84302
Phone: (435) 471-2209
Description: Promontory Summit in Northern Utah has experienced a rich, colorful history, yet it remains a paradox. The area has seen boom and bust. It has been famous world-over, yet remains anonymous in many ways, The “Last Spike Site” is an honored and celebrated place, but it has also been quite infamous.
Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site, Montana266 Warren Lane
Deer Lodge, MT 59722
Phone: (406) 846-2070
Description: Wide open spaces, the hard-working cowboy, his spirited cow pony, and vast herds of cattle are among the strongest symbols of the American West. Once the headquarters of a 10 million acre cattle empire, Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site preserves these symbols and commemorates the role of cattlemen in American history
Hampton National Historic Site, Maryland535 Hampton Lane
Towson, MD 21286
Phone: (410) 823-1309
Description: Once possibly the largest private home in America by 1790, the Hampton mansion serves as a grand example of late-Georgian architecture in America. Hampton is also the story of its people, as the estate evolved through the actions of the Ridgely family, enslaved African Americans, European indentured servants, and paid laborers within a nation struggling to define its own concept of freedom.
Harry S Truman National Historic Site, Missouri223 North Main Street
Independence, MO 64050
Phone: (816) 254-2720
Description: President Harry S Truman took America from its traditional isolationism into the age of international involvement. Despite his power, he never forgot where he came from. Today, visitors can experience the surroundings Truman knew as a young man of modest ambition through his political career and final years as a former president.
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site, Iowa110 Parkside Drive
West Branch, IA 52358
Phone: (319) 643-2541
Description: Orphaned at age nine, Herbert Hoover left West Branch never to live here again. In later years, he returned to his humble birthplace to celebrate his long career of public service. A memorial landscape remains to tell his story: how community, hard work, honesty, and usefulness to others opened a world of opportunity— and the presidency of the United States— to a child of simple beginnings.
Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site, New York4097 Albany Post Rd
Hyde Park, NY 12538
Phone: (845) 229-5320
Description: "All that is within me cries out to go back to my home on the Hudson River" FDR
This quote captures FDR's connection to Springwood, the estate that he loved & the place he considered home. The first US Presidential Library was started by FDR here. Visit the Home of FDR and Presidential Library & Museum to learn about the only President elected to four terms.
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site, Pennsylvania2 Mark Bird Lane
Elverson, PA 19520
Phone: (610) 582-8773
Description: Hopewell Furnace showcases an early American industrial landscape from natural resource extraction to enlightened conservation. Operating from 1771-1883, Hopewell and other "iron plantations" laid the foundation for the transformation of the United States into an industrial giant.
Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site, ArizonaHubbell Trading Post National Historic Site
Ganado, AZ 86505
Phone: (928) 755-3475
Description: The squeaky wooden floor greets your entry into the oldest operating trading post on the Navajo Nation. When your eyes adjust to the dim light in the "bullpen" you find you’ve just entered a mercantile. Hubbell Trading Post has been serving Ganado selling goods and Native American Art since 1878.
James A. Garfield National Historic Site, Ohio8095 Mentor Avenue
Mentor, OH 44060
Phone: (440) 255-8722
Description: A front porch can serve many purposes. For some, a place to enjoy the breeze on a warm summer night. For others, a perch from which to keep eyes on what's happening in their neighborhood. In 1880, James Garfield used his front porch as a platform to greet thousands of well-wishers during his presidential campaign.
Jimmy Carter National Historic Site, Georgia300 North Bond Street
Plains, GA 31780
Phone: (229) 824 - 4104
Description: Few U.S. Presidents have had such close ties with where they were born and raised. The rural southern culture of Plains, Georgia, that revolves around farming, church and school, had a large influence in molding the character and in shaping the political policies of the 39th President of the United States.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site, Massachusetts83 Beals Street
Brookline, MA 02446
Phone: (617) 566-7937
Description: As a boy, JFK’s parents never expected he would grow up to be president. Yet in his birthplace home he learned values that inspired a life in public service. His mother, Rose Kennedy, recreated her family’s first home to share her memories of those early years with visitors.
John Muir National Historic Site, California4202 Alhambra Ave
Martinez, CA 94553
Phone: (925) 228-8860
Description: John Muir played many roles in his life, all of which helped him succeed in his role as an advocate for Nature. As America’s most famous naturalist and conservationist, Muir fought to protect the wild places he loved, places we can still visit today. Muir’s writings convinced the U.S. government to protect Yosemite, Sequoia, Grand Canyon and Mt. Rainier as national parks.
Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site, North DakotaOne-half mile north of Stanton, ND on County Road 37. One hour northwest of Bismarck, ND and 1 1/2 hours southwest of Minot, ND.
Stanton, ND 58571
Phone: (701) 745-3300
Description: Explore the lives of the Northern Plains Indians on the Upper Missouri
Earthlodge people hunted bison and other game, but were in essence farmers living in villages along the Missouri and its tributaries. The site was a major Native American trade center for hundreds of years prior to becoming an important market place for fur traders after 1750.
Website / Directions
Lincoln Home National Historic Site, Illinois413 S. 8th Street
Springfield, il 62701
Description: Abraham Lincoln believed in the ideal that everyone in America should have the opportunity to improve his/her economic and social condition. Lincoln’s life was the embodiment of that idea.
Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site, Arkansas2120 W. Daisy Gatson Bates Drive
Little Rock, AR 72202
Phone: (501) 374-1957
Description: Little Rock Central High School is recognized for the role it played in the desegregation of public schools in the United States. The nine African-American students' persistence in attending the formerly all-white Central High School was the most prominent national example of the implementation of the May 17, 1954 Supreme Court decision Brown v. Board of Education.
Longfellow House - Washington's Headquarters National Historic Site, Massachusetts105 Brattle Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone: (617) 876-4491
Description: Longfellow House-Washington's Headquarters National Historic Site preserves the home of Henry W. Longfellow, one of the world’s foremost 19th century poets. The house also served as headquarters for General George Washington during the Siege of Boston, July 1775 - April 1776. In addition to its rich history, the site offers unique opportunities to explore 19th century literature and arts.
Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site, Virginia3215 E Broad Street
Richmond, VA 23223
Phone: (804) 771-2017
Description: Maggie Lena Walker devoted her life to civil rights advancement, economic empowerment, and educational opportunities for Jim Crow-era African Americans and women. As a bank president, newspaper editor, and fraternal leader, Walker served as an inspiration of pride and progress. Today, Walker’s home is preserved as a tribute to her enduring legacy of vision, courage, and determination.
Manzanar National Historic Site, California5001 Highway 395
Independence, CA 93526
Phone: (760) 878-2194
Description: In 1942, the United States government ordered more than 110,000 men, women, and children to leave their homes and detained them in remote, military-style camps. Manzanar War Relocation Center was one of ten camps where Japanese American citizens and resident Japanese aliens were incarcerated during World War II.
Martin Van Buren National Historic Site, New York1013 Old Post Road
Kinderhook, NY 12106
Phone: (518) 758-9689
Description: Politics before the Civil War was a whirlwind of opposing interest groups. Martin Van Buren was able to unite those groups becoming president in 1837. As frustration and violence over the extension of slavery grew in the 1840's, Van Buren ran for the presidency twice more from this house. He hoped to unite sectional interests but failed; ultimately so did the union.
Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site, District of Columbia1318 Vermont Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20005
Phone: (202) 673-2402
Description: The Council House was the first headquarters of the National Council of Negro Women (NCNW) and was Bethune’s last home in Washington, DC. From here, Bethune and the NCNW spearheaded strategies and developed programs that advanced the interests of African American women.
Minidoka National Historic Site, IdahoMinidoka National Historic Site is located between the towns of Twin Falls and Jerome, Idaho in south central Idaho.
Hagerman, ID 83332
Phone: (208) 825-4169
Description: The Pearl Harbor attack intensified existing hostility towards Japanese Americans. As wartime hysteria mounted, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 forcing over 120,000 West Coast persons of Japanese ancestry (Nikkei) to leave their homes, jobs, and lives behind and move to one of ten prison camps spread across the nation all because of their ethnicity.
Minuteman Missile National Historic Site, South Dakota24545 Cottonwood Road
Philip, SD 57567
Phone: (605) 433-5552
Description: During the Cold War, a vast arsenal of nuclear missiles were placed in the Great Plains. Hidden in plain sight, for thirty years 1,000 missiles were kept on constant alert; hundreds remain today. The Minuteman Missile remains an iconic weapon in the American nuclear arsenal. It holds the power to destroy civilization, but is meant as a nuclear deterrent to maintain peace and prevent war.
Nicodemus National Historic Site, Kansas304 Washington Ave.
Nicodemus, KS 67625
Phone: (785) 839-4233
Description: Formerly enslaved African Americans left Kentucky in organized colonies at the end of the of post-Civil War Reconstruction period to experience freedom in the "promised land" of Kansas. Nicodemus represents the involvement of African Americans in the westward expansion and settlement of the Great Plains. It is the oldest and only remaining Black settlement west of the Mississippi River.
Ninety Six National Historic Site, South Carolina1103 Hwy 248
Ninety Six, SC 29666
Phone: (864) 543-4068
Description: Settlers struggled against the harsh backcountry to survive. Cherokee Indians hunted and fought to keep their land. Two towns and a trading post were formed then abandoned to the elements. And two Revolutionary War battles claimed over 100 lives. Come discover the 18th century history of South Carolina.
Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site, District of Columbia900 Ohio Drive SW
Washington, DC 20024
Phone: (202) 426-6841
Description: America's Main Street. A street unlike any other. It is known the world over as the heart of the Nation's Capital. America's history has marched, paraded, promenaded, and protested its way along the Avenue.
President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic Site, Arkansas117 South Hervey St.
Hope, AK 71801
Phone: (870) 777-4455
Description: President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic Site and RBH Media present From Hope to History the historic site's interpretive film trailer.
Pu'ukoholā Heiau National Historic Site, Hawaii62-3601 Kawaihae Road
Kawaihae, HI 96743
Phone: (808) 882-7218
Description: How many places in America can you walk in the footsteps of a king? Where else has a stranded sailor risen up to become a great chief over an entire island? Where else can you experience the culminating event of a people, foretold from centuries past? Where else can you stand on a beach and watch as sharks pass over a submerged temple? Experience all this and much more – only at Pu'ukoholā Heiau!
Sagamore Hill National Historic Site, New York20 Sagamore Hill Road
Oyster Bay, NY 11771
Phone: (516) 922-4788
Description: Sagamore Hill was the home of Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States, from 1885 until his death in 1919. During Roosevelt's time in office, his "Summer White House" was the focus of international attention. Explore the natural surroundings and become inspired by the legacy of one of America's most popular presidents.
Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site, New Hampshire139 Saint Gaudens Road
Cornish, NH 65738
Phone: (603) 675-2175
Description: Discover the home, studios and gardens of Augustus Saint-Gaudens, one of America’s greatest sculptors. See over 100 of his artworks in the galleries and on the grounds, from heroic public monuments to expressive portrait reliefs, and the gold coins which changed the look of American coinage.
Saint Paul's Church National Historic Site, New York897 South Columbus Ave
Mount Vernon, NY 10550
Phone: (914) 667-4116
Description: Since 1665, Saint Paul's Church played a vital role in the colonial life of Eastchester, 20 miles north of New York City. Townspeople voted at the nearby Village Green; local militia drilled outside its doors. But the American Revolution changed everything. American, British and Hessian troops tore down the old wooden meetinghouse for firewood and used the unfinished stone chapel as a hospital.
Salem Maritime National Historic Site, Massachusetts160 Derby Street
Salem, MA 01970
Phone: (978) 740-1650
Description: The maritime history of Salem, Massachusetts stretches back nearly four hundred years. Today, you can explore that history at Salem Maritime National Historic Site through guided tours, exhibits, wayside signs, junior ranger programs, special events, and films.
San Juan National Historic Site, Puerto Rico501 Norzagaray Street
San Juan, PR 00901
Phone: (787) 729-6777
Description: San Juan National Historic Site preserves stories of great ambition and aspirations. Countries fought for control of this tiny yet strategic island for centuries. Generations of soldiers have lived and worked within the forts. Visitors today are as inspired by these stories as they are by the beauty of the architecture and the ingenuity of design and engineering of this World Heritage Site.
Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site, Colorado910 Wansted
Eads, CO 81036
Phone: (719) 438-5916
Description: As 675 cavalrymen came around a prairie bend, the camps of Chiefs Black Kettle, White Antelope, and Left Hand lay in the valley before them. Chaotic, horrific, tumultuous, and bloody, the events of November 29, 1864 changed the course of history.
Website / Directions
Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site, Massachusetts244 Central St
Saugus, MA 01906
Phone: (781) 233-0050
Description: In the 1600's, on the banks of the Saugus River, something extraordinary happened. Explore the place where European iron makers brought their special skills to a young Massachusetts colony. This nine-acre National Park includes working waterwheels, forges, mills, an historic 17th century home, and a lush river basin.
Springfield Armory National Historic Site, MassachusettsOne Armory Square
Springfield, MO 65738
Phone: (413) 734-8551
Description: For nearly two centuries, the US Armed Forces and American industry looked to Springfield Armory for innovative engineering and superior firearms. Springfield Armory National Historic Site commemorates the critical role of the nation’s first armory by preserving and interpreting the world's largest historic US military small arms collection, along with historic archives, buildings, and landscapes
Steamtown National Historic Site, Pennsylvania150 South Washington Ave
Scranton, PA 18503
Phone: (570) 340-5200
Description: You'd feel heat from the firebox, smell hot steam and oil; you'd hear the whistle, feel the ground vibrate, and watch as one-ton drive rods turned steel wheels. Remember the sound of "chuff-chuff" from the smokestack?
Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site, New York28 East 20th Street
NYC, NY 10003
Phone: (212) 260-1616
Description: This is the boyhood home of the first U.S. president to be born in New York City. Raised in a townhouse at 28 E. 20th St., Theodore Roosevelt would grow up to be our 26th President and become immortalized on Mount Rushmore. However, he started life as a sickly yet bright boy who exercised to improve his health and began a lifelong passion for the "strenuous life."
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site, New York641 Delaware Avenue
Buffalo, NY 14202
Phone: (716) 884-0095
Description: As president, Theodore Roosevelt created protections for ordinary citizens, began regulation of big business, and made the US a major force in international affairs. Yet one of the most important presidencies in America's history nearly didn't happen. See the place where a brief, emotional, and improvised ceremony in Buffalo, NY brought TR into office, and forever altered the nation.
Thomas Stone National Historic Site, Maryland6655 Rose Hill Road
Port Tobacco, MD 20677
Phone: (301) 392-1776
Description: Prior to the Revolutionary War, Thomas Stone led a very comfortable life as a planter and lawyer. After realizing war with Great Britain was inevitable, he risked everything he held dear-- life, fortune, and sacred honor-- to safeguard American rights. To that end, Thomas Stone became one of 56 men to sign one of the most important documents in World History; the Declaration of Independence.
Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site, Alabama1616 Chappie James Ave.
Tuskegee, AL 36083
Phone: (334) 724-0922
Description: Before the first African American military pilots became known as the "Red Tails" they wore striped tails as they began their flight training in the Army's PT-17 Stearman bi-plane. Their flying adventure started at Moton Field, in Tuskegee, Alabama, where the Army Air Corps began a military "experiment" to see if Negroes could be trained to fly combat aircraft.
Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site, Alabama1212 West Montgomery Rd
Tuskegee Institute, AL 36088
Phone: (334) 727-3200
Description: In 1881, Booker T. Washington arrived in Alabama and started building Tuskegee Institute both in reputation and literally brick by brick. He recruited the best and the brightest to come and teach here including George Washington Carver who arrived in 1896. Carver’s innovations in agriculture, especially with peanuts, expanded Tuskegee’s standing throughout the country.
Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site, Missouri7400 Grant Road
St Louis, MO 63123
Phone: (314) 842-1867
Description: Ulysses S. Grant is known as the victorious Civil War general who saved the Union and the 18th President of the United States. He first met Julia Dent, his future wife, at her family home, named White Haven. From 1854 to 1859 the Dents, Grants and an enslaved African-American workforce lived on the property.
Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site, New York4097 Albany Post Road
Hyde Park, NY 12538
Phone: (845) 229-7770
Description: Vanderbilt Mansion NHS, in terms of architecture, interiors, mechanical systems, road systems and landscape, is a remarkably complete example of a gilded-age country place, illustrating the political, economic, social, cultural, and demographic changes that occurred as America industrialized in the years after the Civil War.
Washita Battlefield National Historic Site, Oklahoma18555 Hwy 47A
Cheyenne, OK 73628
Phone: (580) 497-2742
Description: On November 27, 1868, Lt. Colonel George Armstrong Custer led the 7th U.S. Cavalry on a surprise dawn attack on a Cheyenne village led by Peace Chief Black Kettle. The event was an example of the tragic clash of cultures that occurred during the Great Plains Wars. It is also a place of remembrance and reflection for those who died here.
Weir Farm National Historic Site, Connecticut735 Nod Hill Road
Wilton, CT 06897
Phone: (203) 834-1896
Description: Visit the home and studio of America's most beloved Impressionist, J. Alden Weir, and walk in the footsteps of generations of world-class artists. Set amidst more than 60 acres of painterly woods, fields, and waterways, you’ll soon see why Weir described his home as the "Great Good Place." Weir’s farm is a national legacy to American Impressionism, the creative spirit, and historic preservation.
Whitman Mission National Historic Site, Washington328 Whitman Mission Road
Walla Walla, WA 99362
Phone: (509) 522-6360
Description: The 1847 attack on the Whitmans horrified Americans and impacted the lives of the peoples of the Columbia Plateau for decades afterwards. Was killing the Whitmans justified legal retribution, an act of revenge, or some combination of both? The circumstances that surround this tragic event resonate with modern issues of cultural interaction and differing perspectives.
William Howard Taft National Historic Site, Ohio2038 Auburn Avenue
Cincinnati, OH 45219
Phone: (513) 684-3262
Description: High atop one of Cincinnati's most prominent hilltops stands the two-story Greek Revival house where William Howard Taft was born and grew up. Hard work, a good education, and an interest in civic duty are attributes that made the Taft family outstanding leaders over the years. The environment that shaped Taft's character and philosophy is highlighted on a visit to the site.