National Park Service
The 7 Principles
The Seven Principles of "Leave No Trace" provide an easily understood framework of minimum impact practices for anyone visiting the outdoors. Although Leave No Trace has its roots in backcountry settings, the Principles have been adapted so that they can be applied anywhere — from remote wilderness areas, to local parks and even in your own backyard.
Read more at lnt.org
National Monuments (84)
African Burial Ground National Monument, New YorkAfrican Burial Ground NM
C/O Federal Hall National Memorial
26 Wall St
NYC, NY 10005
Phone: (212) 637-2019
Description: African Burial Ground is the oldest and largest known excavated burial ground in North America for both free and enslaved Africans. It protects the historic role slavery played in building New York City. The site honors both the spirit of those buried here and those who fought for the respectful protection of this site for this and future generations.
Agate Fossil Beds National Monument, Nebraska301 River Road
Harrison, NE 69346
Phone: (308) 665-4113
Description: During the 1890s, scientists rediscovered what the Lakota Sioux already knew—bones preserved in one of the world's most significant Miocene Epoch mammal sites. Yet, this place called "Agate" is a landscape that reflects many influences—from early animals roaming the valleys and hills, to tribal nations calling the High Plains home, to explorers passing through or settling in the American West.
Website / Directions
Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument, TexasAlibates Flint Quarries is located approximately 35 miles north of Amarillo,
Fritch, TX 79036
Phone: (806) 857-6680
Description: Alibates Flint was the rock that shaped - and was shaped by - cultures in the Texas Panhandle for 13,000 years.
Website / Maps
Aniakchak National Monument, AlaskaFor more information, contact Aniakchak National Monument & Preserve headquarters in King Salmon, AK.
KIng Salmon, AK 99613
Phone: (907) 246-3305
Description: Given its remote location and challenging weather conditions, Aniakchak is one of the most wild and least visited places in the National Park System.
Aztec Ruins National Monument, New Mexico725 Ruins Road
Aztec, NM 65738
Phone: (505) 334-6174
Description: Pueblo people describe this site as part of their migration journey. Today you can follow their ancient passageways to a distant time. Explore a 900-year old ancestral Pueblo Great House of over 400 masonry rooms.
Bandelier National Monument, New Mexico15 Entrance RD
Access to Frijoles Canyon and the Visitor Center are by shuttle bus only.
Los Alamos, NM 87544
Phone: (505) 672-3861
Description: Bandelier National Monument protects over 33,000 acres of rugged but beautiful canyon and mesa country as well as evidence of a human presence here going back over 11,000 years.
Belmont-Paul Women's Equality National Monument, District of Columbia900 Ohio Drive SW
Washington, DC 20024
Phone: (202) 543-2240
Description: Home to the National Woman's Party for nearly 90 years, this was the epicenter of the struggle for women's rights. From this house in the shadow of the U.S. Capitol and Supreme Court, Alice Paul and the NWP developed innovative strategies and tactics to advocate for the Equal Rights Amendment and equality for women.
Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument, Alabama520 16th Street North
Birmingham, AL 35203
Phone: (404) 277-5218
Description: In 1963, images of snarling police dogs unleashed against non-violent protesters and of children being sprayed with high-pressure hoses appeared in print and television news across the world.
Booker T. Washington National Monument, Virginia12130 Booker T. Washington Highway
Hardy, VA 24101
Phone: (540) 721-2094
Description: Booker T. Washington was born a slave in April 1856 on the 207-acre farm of James Burroughs. After the Civil War, Washington became the first principal of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial School. Later as an adviser, author and orator, his past would influence his philosophies as the most influential African American of his era
Buck Island Reef National Monument, Virgin IslandsBuck Island
Christiansted, St. Croix, VI 00820
Phone: (340) 773-1460
Description: Welcome to Buck Island! Before you come, please watch our 2014 Telly Award winning film "Caribbean Gem." Watching this will catch you up on 50+ years of National Park Service protection and civic engagement. Learn what we do every day to preserve this resource for Virgin Islanders and visitors alike.
Cabrillo National Monument, California1800 Cabrillo Memorial Drive
San Diego, CA 92106
Phone: (619) 557-5450
Description: Climbing out of his boat and onto shore in 1542, Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo stepped into history as the first European to set foot on what is now the West Coast of the United States.
Camp Nelson National Monument, Kentucky6614 Old Danville Road
Nicholasville, KY 40356
Phone: (859) 881-5716
Description: Established as a Union supply depot and hospital during the Civil War, Camp Nelson became a recruitment and training center for African American soldiers, and a refugee camp for their wives and children. Thousands of slaves risked their lives escaping to this site with the hope of securing their freedom and, ultimately, controlling their futures by aiding in the destruction of slavery.
Canyon de Chelly National Monument, ArizonaThe Welcome Center is about 3 miles (4.8 km) from Highway 191 in Chinle, AZ
Chinle, AZ 86503
Phone: (928) 674-5500
Description: For nearly 5,000 years, people have lived in these canyons - longer than anyone has lived uninterrupted anywhere on the Colorado Plateau. In the place called Tsegi, their homes and images tell us their stories. Today, Navajo families make their homes, raise livestock, and farm the lands in the canyons. A place like no other, the park and Navajo Nation work together to manage the land's resources.
Cape Krusenstern National Monument, AlaskaDirections Kotzebue, AK 99752
Phone: (907) 442-3890
Description: North of the Arctic Circle, the monument forms 70 miles of shoreline on the Chukchi Sea. More than 114 beach ridges provide evidence of human use for 5,000 years.
Capulin Volcano National Monument, New MexicoCapulin Volcano National Monument is located on State Highway 325, 3 miles north of U.S. Highway 64/87.
Des Moines, NM 88418
Phone: (575) 278-2201
Description: Come view a dramatic landscape—a unique place of mountains, plains, and sky. Born of fire and forces continually reshaping the earth’s surface, Capulin Volcano provides access to nature’s most awe-inspiring work.
Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Arizona1100 W. Ruins Drive
Coolidge, AZ 85128
Phone: (520) 723-3172
Description: Explore the mystery and complexity of an extended network of communities and irrigation canals. An Ancient Sonoran Desert People's farming community and "Great House" are preserved at Casa Grande Ruins. Whether the Casa Grande was a gathering place for the Desert People or simply a waypoint marker in an extensive system of canals and trading partners is but part of the mystique of the Ruins
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, Florida1 South Castillo Drive
Saint Augustine, FL 32084
Phone: (904) 829-6506
Description: A monument not only of stone and mortar but of human determination and endurance, the Castillo de San Marcos symbolizes the clash between cultures which ultimately resulted in our uniquely unified nation. Still resonant with the struggles of an earlier time, these original walls provide tangible evidence of America’s grim but remarkable history.
Castle Clinton National Monument, New York26 Wall St
Castle Clinton is located in Battery park at the southern tip of Manhattan, and is accessible by car, bus, subway and ferry.
NYC, NY 10005
Phone: (212) 344-7220
Description: Located at the southern tip of Manhattan Island, Castle Clinton stands where New York City began, and represents not only the city’s growth, but the growth of a nation. Initially intended to prevent a British invasion in 1812, the fortification has transformed over the years to welcome theatergoers, immigrants, sightseers, and now, millions of visitors to New York Harbor.
Castle Mountains National Monument, California2701 Barstow Road
Barstow, CA 92311
Phone: (760) 252-6100
Description: Castle Mountains represents some of the most unique elements of the Mojave Desert. Nestled between the Nevada state line and Mojave National Preserve, the nearly 21,000 acres of Castle Mountains boasts Joshua tree forests, unbroken natural landscapes, rare desert grasslands, and rich human history.
Cedar Breaks National Monument, Utah2390 West Highway 56
Cedar City, UT 84720
Phone: (435) 586-9451
Description: Discover one of America's most special parks! Crowning the grand staircase, Cedar Breaks sits at over 10,000 feet and looks down into a half-mile deep geologic amphitheater. Come wander among timeless bristlecone pines, stand in lush meadows of wildflower, ponder crystal-clear night skies and experience the richness of our subalpine forest.
César E. Chávez National Monument, California29700 Woodford-Tehachapi Road
Keene, CA 93531
Phone: (661) 823-6134
Description: Widely recognized as the most important Latino leader in the United States during the twentieth century, César E. Chávez led farm workers and supporters in the establishment of the country's first permanent agricultural union. His leadership brought sustained international attention to the plight of U.S. farm workers, and secured for them higher wages and safer working conditions
Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument, Ohio1120 U.S. Route 42 E
Wilberforce, OH 45384
Phone: (937) 352-6757
Description: Throughout his life, Charles Young overcame countless obstacles in his ascent to prominence. In spite of overt racism and stifling inequality, Young rose through the military ranks to become one of the most respected leaders of his time. A well-rounded man with a steadfast devotion to duty, Young led by example and inspired a generation of new leaders.
Chiricahua National Monument, Arizona12856 E Rhyolite Creek Rd
Willcox, AZ 85643
Phone: (520) 824-3560
Description: A "Wonderland of Rocks" is waiting for you to explore at Chiricahua National Monument. The 8-mile paved scenic drive and 17-miles of day-use hiking trails provide opportunities to discover the beauty, natural sounds, and inhabitants of this 11,985 acre site. Visit the Faraway Ranch Historic District to discover more about the people who have called this area home.
Colorado National Monument, Colorado1750 Rim Rock Drive
Fruita, CO 81521
Phone: (970) 858-3617
Description: Colorado National Monument preserves one of the grand landscapes of the American West. But this treasure is much more than a monument. Towering monoliths exist within a vast plateau and canyon panorama. You can experience sheer-walled, red rock canyons along the twists and turns of Rim Rock Drive, where you may spy bighorn sheep and soaring eagles.
Craters of the Moon National Monument, Idaho1266 Craters Loop Road
Arco, ID 83213
Phone: (208) 527-1300
Description: Craters of the Moon is a vast ocean of lava flows with scattered islands of cinder cones and sagebrush. We invite you to explore this "weird and scenic landscape" where yesterday's volcanic events are likely to continue tomorrow..
Devils Postpile National Monument, CaliforniaDevils Postpile Access Road
Board the Reds Meadow/Devils Postpile Shuttle Bus at any stop in the Reds Meadow Valley.
Mammoth Lakes, CA 93546
Phone: (760) 934-2289
Description: Devils Postpile National Monument is only open during the summer months.
Established in 1911 by presidential proclamation, Devils Postpile National Monument protects and preserves the Devils Postpile formation, the 101-foot high Rainbow Falls, and pristine mountain scenery. The formation is a rare sight in the geologic world and ranks as one of the world's finest examples of columnar basalt. Its columns tower 60 feet high and display an unusual symmetry.
Devils Tower National Monument, WyomingHwy 110 Bldg 170
Devils Tower, WY 82714
Phone: (307) 467-5283
Description: The Tower is an astounding geologic feature that protrudes out of the prairie surrounding the Black Hills. It is considered sacred by Northern Plains Indians and indigenous people. Hundreds of parallel cracks make it one of the finest crack climbing areas in North America. Devils Tower entices us to learn more, explore more and define our place in the natural and cultural world.
Dinosaur National Monument, Colorado and Utah4545 Hwy 40
Dinosaur, CO 81610
Phone: (435) 781-7700
Description: Dinosaurs once roamed here. Their fantastic remains are still visible embedded in the rocks. Today, the mountains, desert and untamed rivers flowing in deep canyons, support an array of life. Petroglyphs hint at earlier cultures. Later, homesteaders and outlaws found refuge here. Whether your passion is science, adventure, history or scenery, Dinosaur offers much to explore.
Effigy Mounds National Monument, Iowa151 Hwy 76
Harpers Ferry, IA 52146
Phone: (563) 873-3491
Description: The mounds preserved here are considered sacred by many Americans, especially the Monument's 20 culturally associated American Indian tribes. A visit offers opportunities to contemplate the meanings of the mounds and the people who built them. The 200 plus American Indian mounds are located in one of the most picturesque sections of the Upper Mississippi River Valley.
El Malpais National Monument, New Mexico1900 E. Santa Fe Ave.
Grants, NM 87020
Phone: (505) 876-2783
Description: The richly diverse volcanic landscape of El Malpais offers solitude, recreation, and discovery. Explore cinder cones, lava tube caves, sandstone bluffs, and hiking trails. Wildlife abounds in the open grasslands and forests.
El Morro National Monument, New MexicoHC 61 Box 43
Ramah, NM 87321
Phone: (505) 783-4226
Description: Imagine the refreshment of finding water after days of dusty travel. A reliable waterhole hidden at the base of a sandstone bluff made El Morro (the headland) a popular campsite for hundreds of years. Here, Ancestral Puebloans, Spanish and American travelers carved over 2,000 signatures, dates, messages, and petroglyphs
Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument, Colorado15807 Teller County Road 1
Florissant, CO 80816
Phone: (719) 748-3253
Description: Beneath a grassy mountain valley in central Colorado lies one of the richest and most diverse fossil deposits in the world. Petrified redwood stumps up to 14 feet wide and thousands of detailed fossils of insects and plants reveal the story of a very different, prehistoric Colorado.
Fort Frederica National Monument, Georgia6515 Frederica Rd.
St Simons Island, GA 31522
Phone: (912) 638-3630
Description: Georgia's fate was decided in 1742 when Spanish and British forces clashed on St. Simons Island. Fort Frederica's troops defeated the Spanish, ensuring Georgia's future as a British colony.
Fort Matanzas National Monument, Florida8635 A1A South
St Augustine, FL 32080
Phone: (904) 471-0116
Description: Coastal Florida was a major field of conflict as European nations fought for control in the New World. As part of this struggle, Fort Matanzas guarded St. Augustine’s southern river approach. The colonial wars are over, but the monument is still protecting—not just the historic fort, but also the wild barrier island and the plants and animals who survive there amidst a sea of modern development
Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine, Maryland2400 East Fort Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21230
Phone: (410) 962-4290
Description: by the dawn's early light, a large red, white and blue banner? Whose broad stripes and bright stars . . . were so gallantly streaming! over the star-shaped Fort McHenry during the Battle of Baltimore, September 13-14, 1814. The valiant defense of the fort inspired Francis Scott Key to write "The Star-Spangled Banner."
Fort Monroe National Monument, Virginia41 Bernard Road
Fort Monroe, VA 23651
Description: 2019 is a pivotal year for the Fort Monroe National Monument, marking the 400th anniversary of the arrival of the first Africans to English North America. The entire year is dedicated to those “20 and odd” who were brought here on an English privateer ship named the White Lion.
Fort Pulaski National Monument, GeorgiaP.O. Box 30757
Savannah, GA 31410
Phone: (912) 786-5787
Description: For much of the 19th century, masonry fortifications were the United States’ main defense against overseas enemies. However, during the Civil War, new technology proved its superiority to these forts. The Union army used rifled cannon and compelled the Confederate garrison inside Fort Pulaski to surrender. The siege was a landmark experiment in the history of military science and invention.
Fort Stanwix National Monument, New York112 East Park St.
Rome, NY 65738
Phone: (315) 338-7730
Description: For centuries, the Oneida Carrying Place, a six mile portage connecting the Mohawk River and Wood Creek, served as a vital link for those traveling by water from the ocean to the Great Lakes. When Europeans arrived, nations fought for control of the carry, the homelands of the Six Nations Confederacy, and the rich resources of North America. In this struggle, Fort Stanwix would play a vital role.
Fort Sumter National Monument, South Carolina1214 Middle Street
Sullivan's Island, SC 29482
Phone: (843) 883-3123
Description: Decades of growing political tension around the issue of slavery between North and South erupted in civil war on April 12, 1861 when Confederate artillery opened fire on this Federal fort in Charleston Harbor. Fort Sumter surrendered 34 hours later. Union forces would try for nearly four years to take it back.
Fort Union National Monument, New Mexico3115 NM Highway 161
Watrous, NM 65738
Phone: (505) 425-8025
Description: Exposed to the wind, within a sweeping valley of short grass prairie, amid the swales of the Santa Fe Trail, lie the territorial-style adobe remnants of the largest 19th century military fort in the region. For forty years, 1851-1891, Fort Union functioned as an agent of political and cultural change, whether desired or not, in New Mexico and throughout the Southwest.
Fossil Butte National Monument, Wyoming864 Chicken Creek Road
Kemmerer, WY 83101
Phone: (307) 877-4455
Description: Some of the world's best preserved fossils are found in the flat-topped ridges of southwestern Wyoming's cold sagebrush desert. Fossilized fishes, insects, plants, reptiles, birds, and mammals are exceptional for their abundance, variety, and detail of preservation. Most remarkable is the story they tell of ancient life in a subtropical landscape.
Freedom Riders National Monument, AlabamaMailing Address:
Superintendent, Freedom Riders NM, 100 Alabama St SW
Anniston, AL 65738
Phone: (404) 277-5218
Description: In 1961, a small interracial band of “Freedom Riders” challenged discriminatory laws requiring separation of the races in interstate travel. They were attacked by white segregationists, who firebombed the bus. Images of the attack appeared in hundreds of newspapers, shocking the American public and spurring the Federal Government to issue regulations banning segregation in interstate travel.
George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Virginia1732 Popes Creek Road
Colonial Beach, VA 22443
Phone: (804) 224-1732
Description: In the heart of the Northern Neck of Virginia stands a tribute to America’s founding father, George Washington. Although only here a short time, the ideas that Washington learned here, helped shape the man he would become and forever alter the destiny of the United States of America.
George Washington Carver National Monument, Missouri5646 Carver Road
Diamond, MO 64840
Phone: (417) 325-4151
Description: The young child known as the "Plant Doctor" tended his secret garden while observing the day-to-day operations of a 19th century farm. Nature and nurture ultimately influenced George on his quest for education to becoming a renowned agricultural scientist, educator, and humanitarian.
Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, New Mexico26 Jim Bradford Trail
Mimbres, NM 88049
Phone: (575) 536-9461
Description: For thousands of years, groups of nomadic people used the caves of the Gila River as temporary shelter. In the late 1200's, people of the Mogollon Culture decided it would be a good place to call home. They built rooms, crafted pottery and raised children in the cliff dwellings for about twenty years. Then the Mogollon moved on, leaving the walls for us as a glimpse into the past.
Governors Island National Monument, New York10 South Street
NYC, NY 10004
Phone: (212) 825-3054
Description: From 1794 to 1966, the U.S. Army on Governors Island was part of the social, political, and economic tapestry of New York City. Today, the island is a vibrant summer seasonal venue of art, culture, and performance against the backdrop of two centuries of military heritage and the skyline of one of the great cities of the world.
Grand Portage National Monument, Minnesota170 Mile Creek Road
Grand Portage, MN 55605
Phone: (218) 475-0123
Description: Travel into the past to discover the present. Explore the partnership of the Grand Portage Ojibwe and the North West Company during the North American fur trade and the NPS today. Follow pathways into a distant time. Experience the sights and smells of a bustling depot reconstructed in its exact location. Hear the beat of the drum echo over Gichigami - Lake Superior
Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument, Idaho221 N State St
Hagerman, ID 83332
Phone: (208) 933-4105
Description: Do you know horses evolved in North America? The Hagerman Horse, Equus simplicidens, is the first true one toed horse. It's the park's most famous fossil but we have fossil evidence of over two hundred different species.
Hohokam Pima National Monument, ArizonaGila River Indian Reservation
Description: The Hohokam Pima National Monument is an ancient Hohokam village within the Gila River Indian Community, near present-day Sacaton, Arizona. Location: Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona
Homestead National Monument of America, Nebraska8523 West State Highway 4
Beatrice, NE 68310
Phone: (402) 223-3514
Description: With the promise of Free Land, the Homestead Act of 1862 enticed millions to cultivate the frontier. Families, immigrants, women, and freed slaves flooded 10 percent of the nation’s land to chase their American Dream. American Indian cultures and natural environments gave way to diverse settlement, agricultural success, and industrial advancement—building our nation and changing the land forever.
Honouliuli National Monument, Hawaii1845 Wasp Boulevard
Honolulu, HI 96818
Phone: (808) 725-6149
Description: Although not yet open to the public, Honouliuli National Monument (NM) will tell the history of internment, martial law, and the experience of prisoners of war in Hawai‘i during World War II. Honouliuli NM will be a place to reflect on wartime experiences and recommit ourselves to the pursuit of freedom and justice.
Hovenweep National Monument, Colorado and UtahMcElmo Route
Cortez, CO 81321
Phone: (970) 562-4282
Description: Once home to over 2,500 people, Hovenweep includes six prehistoric villages built between A.D. 1200 and 1300. Explore a variety of structures, including multistory towers perched on canyon rims and balanced on boulders. The construction and attention to detail will leave you marveling at the skill and motivation of the builders.
Jewel Cave National Monument, South Dakota11149 U.S. Hwy. 16
Custer, SD 57730
Phone: (605) 673-8300
Description: Immerse yourself within the third longest cave in the world. With over 200 miles of mapped and surveyed passages, this underground wilderness appeals to human curiosity. Its splendor is revealed through fragile formations and glimpses of brilliant color. Its maze of passages lure explorers, and its scientific wealth remains a mystery. This resource is truly a jewel in the National Park Service.
John Day Fossil Beds National Monument, Oregon32651 Highway 19
Kimberly, OR 97848
Phone: (541) 987-2333
Description: Colorful rock formations at John Day Fossil Beds preserve a world class record of plant and animal evolution, changing climate, and past ecosystems that span over 40 million years. Exhibits and a working lab at the Thomas Condon Paleontology and Visitor Center as well as scenic drives and hikes at all three units allow visitors to explore the prehistoric past of Oregon and see science in action.
Katahdin Woods and Waters National Monument, MaineRoute 11 is known as the Katahdin Woods and Waters Scenic Byway and is the main route to drive into the park
Patten, ME 04765
Phone: (207) 456-6001
Description: Spread across a wild landscape offering spectacular views of Mount Katahdin, Katahdin Woods and Waters invites discovery of its rivers, streams, woods, flora, fauna, geology, and the night skies that have attracted humans for millennia.
Lava Beds National Monument, California1 Indian Well HQ
Tulelake, CA 96134
Phone: (530) 667-8113
Description: Lava Beds National Monument is a land of turmoil, both geological and historical. Over the last half-million years, volcanic eruptions on the Medicine Lake shield volcano have created a rugged landscape dotted with diverse volcanic features. More than 700 caves, Native American rock art sites, historic battlefields and campsites, and a high desert wilderness experience await you!
Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument, Montana756 Battlefield Tour Road
Crow Agency, MT 59022
Phone: (406) 638-3216
Description: This area memorializes the US Army's 7th Cavalry and the Lakotas and Cheyennes in one of the Indian's last armed efforts to preserve their way of life. Here on June 25 and 26 of 1876, 263 soldiers, including Lt. Col. George A. Custer and attached personnel of the US Army, died fighting several thousand Lakota and Cheyenne warriors.
Montezuma Castle National Monument, ArizonaMontezuma Castle Road
Camp Verde, AZ 86322
Phone: (928) 567-3322
Description: Today we gaze through the windows of the past into one of the best preserved cliff dwellings in North America. This 20 room high-rise apartment, nestled into a towering limestone cliff, tells a story of ingenuity, survival and ultimately, prosperity in an unforgiving desert landscape. Come marvel at this enduring legacy of the Sinagua culture and reveal a people surprisingly similar to ourselves.
Muir Woods National Monument, California1 Muir Woods Rd
Mill Valley, CA 94941
Phone: (415) 561-2850
Description: Walk among old growth coast redwoods, cooling their roots in the fresh water of Redwood Creek and lifting their crowns to reach the sun and fog. Federally protected as a National Monument since 1908, this primeval forest is both refuge and laboratory, revealing our relationship with the living landscape. What will you discover in Muir Woods?
Natural Bridges National Monument, UtahThe entrance to Natural Bridges is at the end of UT 275, which is roughly 35 miles west of Blanding, Utah, on UT 95
Lake Powell, UT 84533
Phone: (435) 692-1234
Description: Three majestic natural bridges invite you to ponder the power of water in a landscape usually defined by its absence. View them from an overlook, or hit the trails and experience their grandeur from below. Declared a National Monument in 1908, the bridges are named "Kachina," "Owachomo" and "Sipapu" in honor of the Native Americans who once made this place their home
Navajo National Monument, ArizonaEnd of AZ Highway 564
Shonto, AZ 86045
Phone: (928) 672-2700
Description: The Puebloan Ancestors built Tsegi Phase villages within the natural sandstone alcoves of our canyons. Betatakin, Keet Seel, and Inscription House are the three cliff dwelling sites that are tucked away in the alcoves. These villages, which date from AD 1250 to 1300, thrill all who visit with original architectural elements such as masonry walls, roof beams, and pictographs.
Ocmulgee National Monument, Georgia1207 Emery Hwy
Macon, GA 31217
Phone: (478) 752-8257
Description: Welcome to Ocmulgee Mounds National Historical Park. This park is a prehistoric American Indian site. American Indians first came here during the Paleo-Indian period hunting Ice Age mammals. Many different American Indian cultures occupied this land for thousands of years. Around 900 CE, the Mississippian Period began. They constructed mounds for their elite, which remain today.
Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve, Oregon19000 Caves Hwy
Cave Junction, OR 65738
Phone: (541) 592-2100
Description: Deep within the Siskiyou Mountains are dark, twisting passages that await your discovery. Eons of acidic water seeping into marble rock created and decorated the wondrous “Marble Halls of Oregon.” Join a tour, get a taste of what caving is all about, and explore a mountain from the inside and out.
Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona10 Organ Pipe Drive
Ajo, AZ 85321
Phone: (520) 387-6849
Description: Look closely. Look again. The sights and sounds of Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, an International Biosphere Reserve, reveal a thriving community of plants and animals. Human stories echo throughout this desert preserve, chronicling thousands of years of desert living. A scenic drive, wilderness hike or a night of camping will expose you to a living desert that thrives.
Petroglyph National Monument, New Mexico6001 Unser Blvd. NW
Albuquerque, NM 87120
Phone: (505) 899-0205
Description: Petroglyph National Monument protects one of the largest petroglyph sites in North America, featuring designs and symbols carved onto volcanic rocks by Native Americans and Spanish settlers 400 to 700 years ago. These images are a valuable record of cultural expression and hold profound spiritual significance for contemporary Native Americans and for the descendants of the early Spanish settlers.
Pipe Spring National Monument, Arizona406 Pipe Springs Road
Fredonia, AZ 86022
Phone: (928) 643-7105
Description: Beneath vermilion cliffs, American Indians, Mormon ranchers, plants, animals, and many others have depended on the life-giving water found at the desert oasis at Pipe Spring. Learn about settler and Kaibab Paiute life by exploring the museum, historic fort and cabins, garden, and Ridge Trail. Visit with rangers and ranch animals, and attend living history demonstrations and talks.
Pipestone National Monument, Minnesota36 Reservation Ave
Pipestone, MN 56164
Phone: (507) 825-5464
Description: For countless generations, American Indians have quarried the red pipestone found at this site. These grounds are sacred to many people because the pipestone quarried here is carved into pipes used for prayer. Many believe that the pipe's smoke carries one's prayer to the Great Spirit. The traditions of quarrying and pipemaking continue here today.
Poverty Point National Monument, Louisiana6859 Hwy. 577
Pioneer, LA 65738
Phone: (318) 926-5492
Description: Now a nearly forgotten culture, Poverty Point at its peak 3,000 years ago was part of an enormous trading network that stretched for hundreds of miles across the continent. It was - and is - also an engineering marvel, the product of five million hours of labor. Explore the culture of a highly sophisticated people who left behind one of North America’s most important archeological sites.
Pullman National Monument, Illinois11141 S. Cottage Grove
Chicago, IL 65738
Phone: (773) 468-9310
Description: In a growing Chicago neighborhood, diverse people and stories intertwine. All were seeking opportunity. Some succeeded. Others were limited—by race, gender, or economic status. Their stories came together in Pullman, a planned community famed for its urban design and architecture.
Rainbow Bridge National Monument, UtahRainbow Bridge National Monument is located between Glen Canyon National Recreation Area and the Navajo Nation. There are no roads in the vicinity of the monument.
Lake Powell, UT 84533
Phone: (928) 608-6200
Description: Rainbow Bridge is one of the world's largest known natural bridges. The span has undoubtedly inspired people throughout time--from the neighboring American Indian tribes who consider Rainbow Bridge sacred, to the 85,000 people from around the world who visit it each year.
Reconstruction Era National Monument, South CarolinaPenn Center Cir W
Beaufort, SC 29901
Phone: (404) 507-5868
Description: The Reconstruction era,1861-1898 the historic period in which the United States grappled with the question of how to integrate millions of newly freed African Americans into social, political,economic, and labor systems, was a time of significant transformation. The people, places, and events in Beaufort County, South Carolina, reflect on the most important issues of this tumultuous time period.
Russell Cave National Monument, Alabama3729 County Road 98
Bridgeport, AL 35740
Phone: (256) 495-2672
Description: Russell Cave is an archaeological site with one of the most complete records of prehistoric cultures in the Southeast. Thousands of years ago a portion of Russell Cave's entrance collapsed, creating a shelter that, for more than 10,000 years, was home to prehistoric peoples. Today it provides clues to the daily lifeways of early North American inhabitants dating from 10,000 B.C. to 1650 A.D.
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument, New Mexico105 South Ripley St.
Mountainair, NM 87036
Phone: (505) 847-2585
Description: Tucked away in the middle of New Mexico you’ll find Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument. The three sites offer a glimpse into a unique time in history. A time entrenched with cultural borrowing, conflict, and struggles. The now abandoned sites stand as reminders of the Spanish and Pueblo People’s early encounters.
Scotts Bluff National Monument, Nebraska190276 Old Oregon Trail
Gering, NE 69341
Phone: (308) 436-9700
Description: Towering 800 feet above the North Platte River, Scotts Bluff has served as a landmark for peoples from Native Americans to emigrants on the Oregon, California and Mormon Trails to modern travelers. Rich with geological and paleontological history as well as human history, there is much to discover while exploring the 3,000 acres of Scotts Bluff National Monument.
Statue of Liberty National Monument, New Jersey and New YorkLiberty Island
New York Harbor, NYC, NY 10004
Phone: (212) 363-3200
Description: "The Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World" was a gift of friendship from the people of France to the United States and is recognized as a universal symbol of freedom and democracy. The Statue of Liberty was dedicated on October 28, 1886. It was designated as a National Monument in 1924. Employees of the National Park Service have been caring for the colossal copper statue since 1933.
Stonewall National Monument, New York26 Wall Street
NYC, NY 10005
Phone: (212) 668-2577
Description: Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument, Arizona6400 U.S. 89
Flagstaff, AZ 86004
Phone: (928) 526-0502
Description: The cinder cone volcano's rim is the dusky red of sunset, but the crater is only part of the story. Around 1085 the ground began to shake, and lava spewed high into the air. When the eruption finished, it had changed both the landscape and the people who lived here. Today, it teaches how nature and humankind affect each other—and how rebirth and renewal happen in the wake of disaster.
Timpanogos Cave National Monument, Utah2038 W. Alpine Loop Road
American Fork, UT 84003
Description: Hike your way past stunning vistas to explore a hidden underground world. Taste the thrill of caving as you twist and bend to enter beautifully decorated rooms. Learn the science behind formations and hear stories of cave exploration and preservation. Experience and discover as you go – geologic mysteries await.
Tonto National Monument, Arizona26260 N AZ Hwy 188
Roosevelt, AZ 85545
Phone: (928) 467-2241
Description: The Salado Phenomena, 700 years ago, blended ideas of neighboring Native American cultures to emerge a unique and vibrant society. Tonto National Monument showcases two Salado-style cliff dwellings. Colorful pottery, woven cotton cloth, and other artifacts tell a story of people living and using resources from the northern Sonoran Desert from 1250 to 1450 CE.
Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument, Nevada601 Nevada Way
Boulder City, NV 89005
Phone: (702) 293-8853
Description: Mammoths, lions and camels once roamed along wetlands just north of what is now known as Las Vegas, Nevada. Their history is preserved at Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument and is ready to be discovered.
Tuzigoot National Monument, Arizona25 Tuzigoot Rd
Clarkdale, AZ 86324
Phone: (928) 634-5564
Description: Crowning a desert hilltop is an ancient pueblo. What riches will they bring? What stories will they tell? From the rooftop of the Tuzigoot pueblo it is easy to imagine such a moment. The pueblo shows us this ancient village built by the Sinagua people. They were farmers and artists with trade connections that spanned hundreds of miles
Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument, Virgin Islands1300 Cruz Bay Creek
St. John, VI 00830
Phone: (340) 776-6201
Description: Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument includes federal submerged lands within the 3-mile belt off the island of St. John. These waters support a diverse and complex system of coral reefs and other ecosystems such as shoreline mangrove forests and seagrass beds.
Waco Mammoth National Monument, Texas6220 Steinbeck Bend Drive
Waco, TX 76708
Phone: (254) 750-7946
Description: Standing as tall as 14 feet and weighing 20,000 pounds, Columbian mammoths roamed across what is present-day Texas thousands of years ago. Today, the fossil specimens represent the nation's first and only recorded evidence of a nursery herd of ice age Columbian mammoths.
Walnut Canyon National Monument, Arizona6400 U.S. 89
Flagstaff, AZ 86004
Phone: (928) 526-3367
Description: Come gaze across curved canyon walls! Among the remarkable geological formations of the canyon itself, the former homes of ancient inhabitants are easily evident. Along the trails you can imagine life within Walnut Canyon, while visiting actual pueblos and walking in the steps of those who came before.
White Sands National Monument, New Mexiconearby Alamogordo
Holloman AFB, NM 88330
Phone: (575) 479-6124
Description: Rising from the heart of the Tularosa Basin is one of the world's great natural wonders - the glistening white sands of New Mexico. Great wave-like dunes of gypsum sand have engulfed 275 square miles of desert, creating the world's largest gypsum dunefield. White Sands National Monument preserves a major portion of this unique dunefield, along with the plants and animals that live here.
World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, Alaska, California, and HawaiiThe memorial is located on the southern end of the island of Oahu, Hawai'i, and can only be accessed by boat from the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center.
Honolulu, HI 96818
Phone: (808) 422-3399
Description: At World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, home of the USS Arizona Memorial, learn about one of the most pivotal moments in US history: the attack on Pearl Harbor, and the subsequent entry of the United States into World War II. The monument preserves and interprets the stories of the Pacific War, from the internment of Japanese Americans to the battles in the Aleutians.
Wupatki National Monument, Arizona6400 U.S. 89
Flagstaff, AZ 86004
Phone: (928) 679-2365
Description: Nestled between the Painted Desert and ponderosa highlands of northern Arizona, Wupatki is a landscape of legacies. Ancient pueblos dot red-rock outcroppings across miles of prairie. Where food and water seem impossible to find, people built pueblos, raised families, farmed, traded, and thrived. Today, if you linger and listen, earth and artifacts whisper their stories to us still.
Yucca House National Monument, ColoradoOff County Rd 20.5
Cortez, CO 81321
Phone: (970) 529-4465
Description: Through a continuing tradition of public and private cooperation, Yucca House National Monument preserves one of the largest archeological sites in SW Colorado. The unexcavated nature of the site preserves its integrity and beauty for future generations of scientists and visitors. Experience a sense of discovery by visiting a site that has remained largely untouched for the past 800 years!